Dv vok DW q p q
DqA lv pOk

DMphA FPvk DJpqDk

Ep F o DoD p Fp

( lv)
F. wCpDFqok
(poetique) N J wC DFqok (poetry) pOJ
,(poeme)CJlD CCp MDO CoCk kkp qDF No
A MDe pDzpz Dܷ F lzDF
(poete) PJ (poesie) rJ
ClFCD OhDv DܷF
poesis Dolr N C ФC OGC. PvC
kF Pvkok ߮voCqC pDz ݾ DFok
(poetique)CpDz D F FDO.PvC
Pp D DF lz lCkpqDF FpDFqFDpv DFq qC pW C pok
qC EDO Cok lw.PvC"N J" NsC lz Fp sC C kh
VChDC. AGDoDOhDvqCp lkD CpDz Dh Cܵ Fpz
k lN Į ݾok Ƣh uDGOC uDvC EDOok v߬ lCp
PvCpzlCphDODe:lDp l î p hpF]
MDOirV,q HNpN C F(1).[ DwO q CCqC , i
PvCMDqC DNpz]lCOp WOݾCDG CpF . PvC pz
(2)[ PhDzCOFAokq
p q
A Ep lFlzDF A Ep voDpz qCqC O DZ
qDC.lk PvkqCCokhPC voDpz,PvCpzoDOhDvok qok Uol
PvC ND qDC]l,oDzCoDok v߬ lCp VCh?PwZ pzok
A CokCqC x oClklok A HvDN MDv MDpd PFpN D FDN
[lCh q޸ CokCo A lFD ߥi Nn MD
Dv peO Dpd OvJ FqCpz:l ,q pNok A(3)
NDrpJpOk dp(4).lAkV FlzDF HNpN F DwkClN F
:PvC O Op kph pN CpF pDh
FDO DwOD DOvk F Oi DDW wNqCPvC MoDGpz q]
o kp NlzDF OzCkkV Cp ٲDA FDN DwN lokDlzDF
lok CqCkCp.l ClV plqCCoDOvk C, OvkpDDWqC
lD OirVkqCpz SC PvC C,lzDF Cp ٲ FDN DwN
CpFDF(1)[.lzDFOpoCp pl Jok EDN F lz HpN ߷ Ϸw
oDO ٲ DDW Fpz wNqC MoDGCopz q pDhpOk,pN
ٲ ܷ.lzDGDlzDFCrVC FDO DwO CqC ٵClCk
F.koDzpzok q kDWC DCopzoDOhDv okok DWHNpN
.kkp DW ٲqC FDNpz qHNpNC
? PwZDW
.lFD lzCkC PFD pd,A vC F PvC CA MoߤqC MoDGDW
PvClJ.lk PvlFCo" PF" lz OvJ FpC"M" E" pdܷ
Moߤ F" PF" HNpN C F.PvC ADF Mߤ OhC rOw CDF
ApFllN v rV pw eO بpFqpq Ap Pw DF FD
lkpDA lz lCh TDF lNDok vCA xJ." PF""S,kzkoC
Pok.PvD"DW" P voDpz DG.lD CNDWCoDMߥ C
: oCkoDpv Mߤ OvkkDF DW
. PvCkl C k CoCk kDFAlD:lF DW( C
.PvC v eOk CoCk lFClD DN DW( E
Pok hk pkDDC.PvCpFCpF DN DWkDFlF DW "ط
kkp MCߤC M HGv lzDF
(accent tonique)
N, PvCDW
(1).lpRDN qpF
pz q DwC
ٲ.ǾCpz q DwC F D ODok lCCopz q C
D Ovk F MCߤC lF wN]D DW HNpN HwdpF pz oklF
. PvC oDGOC vqC F FDO DwO
. DqokDDW MCߤCkClOC:DDW P - C
.pl F PGwDDWqC F MlzD M:N-k
2.[DA MkClOCqCpܾpDDW oDz ܷ:kClN-v
ppeF N
PvDDW P Dpz ϤC DG voDpzok]:pDh F
v F lCkp lClzDF VO ФC C F A F Dwۧp
(3).[l NCo oDzC kCk iNCo CqCDA
lzpFpzpRDN
(Dd)?lzDF rd pDhkrC pNpz
PvC[pNpz] lDC ϵ k DGOvC Z Dd O CqC CN
aAlklDF C.kz DkDz OD PDdpN[ repDh] A lzpRCok
MD ok?koCkDWoko kzpz lz ok CdCpN HGv
C lz lChqC zDNoC MD Apz oDOhDvokD?DGpN COe
?kz oCllJ lz m Dok MD
Dt HD Ep q l PNCo lC C CpC EkC vopF
MDpOqC voDpzok,kz kpz v qCqC q Epok qpC
Ep voDpz qCqC P COFlDz Od.lAoDz F vpz D
PvCpzoDOhDvok qok Uol A Ep lFlzDF A
A Ep q C.lk PvkqCCokh PC voDpz,
lzkVokpRCkDWC CpF DN Fkhlq Upz okoDOhDvok
xJ.lzDGDlzDF lp CoCkpz A qC ٵC, PvC Dpz
ܷ DJ COeDF GNp D ݾDF þ ltJ,voDpz vopFok
PvCpzoDOhDvpFpD v ݾDF F,koCkoDpv PvC MD rV
PvC ZoDN voDN D v lD voDpzoDOhDv.l ClJoDpvr
Dok A v,yDNoC ApRCqClAok yDNoC Flz lCh O
HNpN C F.kqDv pkCoC ok CdCkz oCllJ lCh m
lCh CdCpN F DN F lCN voDpz ok v
rdpDh,k EDNFD DO,oiD Pw,DkDzD krغCoCkzpW
.kqDv DkDzCo
MD pd GpN ok A
F z A
F z A
DJ Pvk lh l A
F o A
F A
DGolC,olF D A
Nq DV o C
Nq Ckp, gpZ, Z
DWC Pvp l
DN
( xz Ck)DvAkkp ph
pd GpN ,kz pz ok q Co HGv D Owi
pd. CApDN hpFloCk CA DNpl F PGw hpFCpq.PvCplDF
)lqDv k A lz HpNplDF OloCk CA DN
,pDO pd HpNqC xǵpF( DrVopeFok ߾ oDJoDZlD
koA VqC qD HpN kCk D CpF.lA kV F qD HwakD
: PvC p DCk pZqC DS C ܮCpDO pd
D졵qCCp kp oW D q pOF rDFCp
D DN F O q q kDWC CpF ܮC DO pd HpNDC
OhDv MDkpFoDpF Ե,kqDv kCo ok A aA F. Pw
.PvCllN llJqC k Pvok kDOvC, HpOC DO pdqC lz
llN llJ
MoDGllN llJ.PvCllN llJ,lCrC pz ok q F CߵqC
FD pd PvCpeF okok A yh ND OpoD FqC
MoDG FD FD pdDF MD wwN.lzDF OooD FDAoDOhDvok
llJ kppzok Dh ܮܬ ܬkDWC,pd hpFopoCpNpk
: q DdqC DS DrVopeFok qDF C.koA kV FllN
l oCpNDFDN C kp DO C kF DN p A q C kߡ p O
ϷOw ϷOw    C kz     pN
ϷOw ϷOw    C kF     DN p Aq
ϷOw ϷOw      C kp   DN
ϷOw ϷOw        l oA      p NDFDN
DopoCpN pd GpN vC F C kߡpOok
lzkDWCllN llJ[M ]oCpN vC F[pNDFDN][DOpAq] HpNkokr
. PvC
pz DJ q
kpoDqC Ow rZpz ok A lvop FlzkD ND F VNDF
N FClOFClDF Akook O CpF PvC pkqCo.lzDF p CqC
pN DDClOFCpC C DWC CpF.PhCkpJ ppeF koDZqCpeFk
ϷOw EpDF GCrVC DwO oDJoDZqCkoCk D DrVo CopeF
. k oCp vopFko lz OhDv
ϷOw ϷOw ϷOw: DrVo peF
( rpC) o D     o Dk okrV    r  DFo Dv C
         ϵ Ow     ϵ Ow     ϵ Ow    ϵ Ow
( lv)ko      DV CoD   Co N xA   DFoDv C
( xz)D DF pF o yh     D D yh   v C
ϵ Ow   ϵ Ow   ϵ Ow   ϵ Ow
DW Nok N Dq
D N hCk DqoklD MDO pl qC Co p DW N aA
DW Dq F CN Co PFDR p q ܷ.lzDF N D
DWF HDi pFkhqC NDO oDRA MDO DCpVC CkCpVC Oi
PFDR p HD ok ok Co DW CqC pN C DC ZA.loCn
ܷ DrVopeF F CpF C . PvC hCk DqlD kDWC
: kp qDF kh oDJoDZ ϷOw
! Co Ov..... A ! DF o....Bv C
!D ....Bzh ! v.... C
qC pok lz e Dq kClOC PԵ z DW N e Cok
pN DW q hCk Dq C kpkDq DF C.PvC PF oDJoDZ
.lFD
D .B yh! u.! C
vo yoD lD hCk Dq p lF JDJ DEpDF DW N C
C.lzDF Oo so D F CqDFpv o l D D Ep kpv
:pz DW N
DW q N
-" -" -" -"
v Ppd v Ppd v Ppd v Ppd
N N N N
u C
C A A y g
o y g
C A A E o E
D Dܡh vC
D DF pF o ءh
D DV N xzpGC
D D k okpF C
Z N
pOFpOF MD ok DFp Mlzkz pO N ok Dq ϤD D p
.lk Pvk F Noߤ ZD D N opF N pN pv N.kkp
D DF pF pءh:D Dܡh v C
D D k ok pGC: DDV N xzpGC
F DJ FlD Cpq;kD D"Z N" CN Co N C
oqD w O o pF Cokh Z PvC Cpoq Cpw
q C.lk zCo Ah DOvk pv A DN kDOvCDFlF
lz opF k FlzDF r DvlN q . PvC DW lN q
oDG PvC o C qC.koA ok Ppd F CoDOhC FCo C lF lz C pR
DA Z op F DOvCpRCok DD F Pzn CpwoCqDF vqCD
.PhCkpJ Dv Cok ykp FDODv lA gpZ F
DW q ok
[kq k kq ]
pv q PDok CpF o pF Co Pvk k kq CN
:e C F,kCkoCp kDOvCkorVopeF
Fpk - v C
Fpk-D Dzh
Fpk - o yh
Fpk -D DFpF
.koCk xǵ PGw DW N hCk Dq DF kq D Fp kClN
DFpkClNkkp pOF pp N okok Dq olZp HNpN C F
v q l NDFp C xǵp Fkz pO pl F Pvkk
.lq FCo Dܺpz ok A,kq xDppN .PvC Dܺ
CDܺ
:lDp Dd.lD ܻCopz lCh PvCqCADFpz lChDܺ
FCqDv r FDN ?PvDW W yh Dd,lF kpJ qC k
C-( OZlD)loCk طCo C vo - ߤ vvqC oDwFok
kq " yoqC þ;Dv MCkC MAqC kDOvC ߵ F D Dܻ
llV PDdoDdokDN lClF Peϥ C Dp.l kDOvC"
kq " Ppv"" Mlz"" N"" Dq"" T" kClN,lkDWC
PvCkDq ol F Cp Dv Cok kq pRC.lkpNCo
.koCkoCp D C Pvkk Dok Dߤ CdC MDdpvCpv
OvkpF kq Ovk
kz kq ߤkV GJ, C Pvk FDF D kp F
DJ Dh C kro pC PDC P MolDoDq
F Dܺpz DW PpvpN kq xDppNDF.kz
.lFDpNr DOwpFDܺoDRAlDWC DvApN
ߤ H qDJDk
PvC pC ߤ UCCr zpF Dܺ D A xDppN pRDN
ߤlCh C pzok A DCpq.PvC lz PFDR"Cop
Ow FCo ߤkVokDA C" ok ܬ"kz
F Co C d ߤ H COFoDGOC FlDz ܷ.koCkkV
ApN C kq D Fp C pWd DoDN O.k GNqDJDkk
DC PeNCo ߤ r UCCl qDJDk,ApN C;lk
pkCoC C WVpqkl DPD ok AkCkoCp
ߤ PDdpN HGv C vNDܺ kq xDppN.kqDv
G PVqC xDqo Cl hCk xDqo kDWC Dܺ xDpp.kz
ߤkVok FplCkl D DxDOwFv fzpN Moߤ F
Dkz yF DoiD Pw ߤD.lDo
.lOCozokDqlVok
DDzpDvDF, Owp Dv A
C DN MDFp DOvCDF ߤ.PvC Ow v F Co Dܺ q
Dܾ FD Oh l "kiF".koADܾok o lz"kiF"khqC
C DOvk DqC Co.PvCDF l Dܾ FD Oh l
.lFDkClOC PDFDNkzqDA
(lv) Pw DWC; Pw qDA Co ġ Dvok ߤ lOo DFp
DoCk A ok PvC orF pDv DVlD Dܺ C
Pvk kDF PvC ܻ C D DvCo DoCk CkoCkkVDpR
pkCoC CdCkro p ߤpJ okok y CoqCkh
co PvC C DV ok F CDk Dk" ߤ y qo" Pdok.kqDv
F.l lzokp Cn qo CqC wV okok VlD C
pN Dܺ A.[ y CoqCkz Fp kA]:lDpD k
ߤ DVpF y CoqC lzkD Noߤ F A DDW okDD
OwpvlGDNlGFlCNlz Cpk Co aA ykoCnpRDN
Ddkzlk] :lDpl fpNko CokkhrD.lD GϺCpF
.[Dz ykz ١ZoC
Aok NokAok Nok Aok N ok Aok N ok
C C C C
ߤ ok CdCpF Dܺ DeC kq llz pRDN llO C Dߤ
PvC HGv AqC MDNDG CoDV Od kA MDDwpF v pRDN o߬ F
GN pA P F lqkV wV kDok F co lz lkqCoDF
co lk.lkkh co qC Cok,lpACo kA lClh O DA O F.l
F Dk F Co qC co[Aok Nok Aok Nok]kF MoDG C F C lFok
lF ok A Ppd co oClF HGv"Aok Nok q xJ[.lz lFkoC wMoߤ
loDFoߥNokCoD C.lDF D rlAok GV Fkz
FpDF koAoCk gpZokCo khpv C kq Dܺ Z ADF Cp
U DV ok qC oDzC Clkkhpv F hpZoDG, Ovk
: krp pFkoh
D ,DFpF,o , ءh;D ,Dܡh, v,C
D ,Ck k, ok,pGC,D ,DV N , xz,olC
Do,C;kz, DN;Do,zok;F,zV
;Dk,G;,HC;Dk,ߥ;pF, lC
Dk,kok,o,D,Dk,ߵok,kq,NA
,Do,Dh,k, Ck;Do;D;Do;DC
Do,DOvk,p,DOwF,Do,DqC,,CDJ
,k ,DWZ,k,DV,k ,DJk,DF,ok
D ,CC,k ,CC,k ,Ckv, N,Aq
..Aok NokAok NokD CCD CCD Ck CCD CC kC C
C C D C C C
kpv kDqoDwF Dr DvCph iF lC V D DrVo peFok
V oz h F lVpD A DW MDNpeF C.PvC
EpqCD DqokpeF C.PvC Dh Ϯ DCk
.PvCOpoCp kDOvCko lz h F ECpz rpGNlCxz
.3,1327,C IDZ,voD pok kDOC eN, pDh NDrpJ-1
DDFqqC pok PvC C Pd]:l Z pDh. 7 , D-2
FCphC oSD q Fpz PvC q Pw pzpCDk
kF wCp kq p Cpz MDpOiqC( pzkߥ)kohDz
( 5 )[lCkp uDGOC DCqCpk DDFq DChklWN
. 3 ,oDzCoD.3
. 111 ,ܾC xD.4
. 11 , pDh- 1
.12, pDh-1