CpDpJ
(pF Do orF F)
***
Dp
DwC Co co Do Ov DN Plh ok
***
HG Do Pw GGv F Oo
Pw oDF Z A pv pF kon
Cpz ok .PvC qDv oCk Pܤ qpC DV ok oA kv oDwF Dܤ qC
Zp oAkv rCp orF D DhoD Dpv ykp F rV ٲ lN
C ok DF pO kA DVlܡlC ApOFJ e DDwC F ,koCl
lF O DˡDqA MDeN Dt D Dph H FpWN CoCr
HO MDA ,loCkoCp p ok qop lClF kh C DoOvk F ص DA
ܷ Ddo DGG OwFoD F DF lC DhoCk iFDz D iw DvA
FD pF w HD A DC DGCDpJ pD pF Co Mԩ qC
rd qC zD D koqA qC C D. PvC pˡJ FD F ,Dok
.lzDG
(Stress)ECpC (Depression) G C WD ok PϿ
pk Co DDvoD qpF llCO Clp CpZ , Pw fe Dkoq

.lz

D pKCo qC C oDJ rD

, PDd C ok .lD oDZk Pd upN F Co DwC lok v lD
dCr oDV D DCNqC kh MDDC qC k FDqoCDF DwC r ϤDF
.lD mDiNC GvD C ,k FDD Oip DqCkoCk dl
pC .PvC VoDh D CoCk Pd upN C Ddp ok
ClJ .kF lCi oD ok Od upN pk ,l ph kDWC oDV aDZ
hpF fzpN pRC ok ,r Dv Dz kDN koh F qC zD upN
Dd .PvC
(Glandes endocrines) C WV pq kl vN Dh D o
ok þ , VoDh peN PDok lF
(Neurotransmetteurs)Do pC
vpN ECpC.kz kCq ECpC PDd ,kz lN m MDh MDNpRC

.PvC m MDC з qC zD F ,Pw VoDh pe CoCk PvC
DJC pC lO pǾ DF DD Ow kh Dh DNC ok iz
lDF Z koDKwF DV RkDd C ok C l v l MpDw A DF Ovk
MDN .kߡllz ECpC oDZk DJ F N lvD Dh C pRCok xKv .F
DwC PvC A VoDh pe pFCpFok upN DF Pd ECpC
PwC m qC pF upN D Cpq ,koCl upND qC rp CpF Co Ep
pOF Z p iz C WOok .PvC m ,k FD A DF kDv F COF
kߡ rC Co rrN O pOCND ,lD GϺ FCpC pF lzF
,kA CopF ECpC PDd GϺ.lCk o C ok pOص o߮F ECpC
rd.kߡF lCO k k lkpN qpF x F kDOC WolN 췩N HGv
pGZ ok Co DwC PvC Co DDpJ pq qC r (vpJk) lC
qC kp CrC HGv l wϾp Cp YJ rC F ϤeF
DDNC z F DpJ DizC koCqC hpFok .kߡ V qC C ok e
k CpkDF Cokh DGNoC D PDvlpF DJ OwF ok oDNo F
pk F Co Co D DpJ W ok .ll ECV r ݿN F Od
CpDpJ kCDh F lC ECpC .lC k lF wN NwJ No
NwJ D CpDpJ DwC pOiqC .loCk ϷN No D
Dz
I.R.M D oCkpFpߥN . PvC (La schizophre'nie) prvC oDWD
F VoDh Dpe FD ok prvC OG iz r PD lk

oDwFp Oi DCl DO lz ,DzC DizC lk D
.lD PD oDwF Mlz DF C rok N iN rCp xǵ pF , PvC o
lD lD i D pZ ,kܡ DCl prvC
Co
(De'lires) m DC VoDh D PC D iN Mol (Hallucination)
,lD yDhpJDA F ,l PGe Dh DizC DF ,lk Pvk qC
uDwdC F  DFDh Z ok CdC C ok ,krpFD A Pvk qC lz
.loG lp C DoDOo F HWNDF CpFD ١Z pFCpF qC MDN F
.koCk D DCoDJ NwJ DCpDpJ qC pk .lF Co DA
DV zk loCk DGNoC CDF e F Co Dw oDWD DF OG iz
l oCp qC koClJ kh D ϵ pF N ok Co koDz
qC hpF DF , i k lF PvC koC C oDJ ok Od .kp ϤD
F kpF DJ D CpDpJ o
.kCF Dءh lN DkohpF DizC
o p dCr DC DpJ oDǾC W qC Oip CpF yN D MDN Dk
w ol .Pw i Co DoDWDF OFC Pϵ .PvC Co DoDF
- ϷD lF ,lDwC r ok o MDezpN l p lC kl C
Pv k qC Co kh ط ٲ kp oD - DD GpO p "D D , XolN F
lN kD G qClC qCpO D pOF Co Oi Do lk
Co qC kl C PD kp oDW F CpF DzrJ CqDvoCk yN.lD
DN loCk ϷN
(Neuroletique) Oo kCDh F Dp rWN
CrC D D ok Z pC Dp C Dz MDGpN CpZ .PvC kGpR

kl ص kpoD DvoD HGv kh FF DC ,PvC pR DvoD D l PD
D l pDv PD fv , pekC D oli kC lD ,lkp rpk
p .lD OhC oDZk Co DA W ll CrC D DCo plC
IDZ ,1999 , Cs C , 976 oDz
(Science & Vie)[ MDd ϵ] ϵ pGO
DA.PvC k vopF plC kl pSC pF Co DoCk C GDV v HCߵ wCp

oDJ DF FD CpF
DC p !? Pw DoDWD C DF FD CpF pk oDZ
[ vC] sC D qC kpF kDqC lDG lzDF lCO Co D DvoD qC C
,DGC k C F PvC oDF iz F Pe Pv lCkp qDF WD
D iw Dz ,lW Ap tF , DvA HO .(1)lC lz lChr HG
r ApoDnN ko O C.lpF D HD A Dok CpF iFDz
C do Dz D ApC r ) ; PvC Op oCp
, uCv , rd lD Co D DpJ CoDJ . (CoDwh C DClr
fpN lW Ap vN DA pF GϺ FD yo a , vv , ECpC
[.PvC H F OhCkpJ Ap pDok yo uDvC] .PvC lz CoC
Fh C HGDz CpF pC pGܻJ = wd vC C vo C =(1)
F ,qDW ok , PvC HG ܷ F D qpF vC oqCvC ). PvC
k WD ol zrJ ϵ ߤCC H(.kpoDF C ܷ

pF.PvCDDoCkpoDFpqC Oi DoDF

WD lF kh p qC lF D DvoD DN C H ok , xǵ
oCp p ko O C PvC ()ϵ Mpd F Ew NDFCok .kߡ
""pGN Ck
                          pN ܵ Ck" PvC Op
CkpqDF " pG C DC ߮C
                p커 pV C ٵrNC
qDF CpC orF oD W D MDFC C h qC CN Co A ة
DN Z p  kF  N  ok               C kh HDV HϬ ١Z : PwV
PwN HG Owh C N p                Pw N H p qC PGD
vo Clh F , A kh F  p
                      vo   Cl  F  PϿ o  qC
CpF zo OD ܷ DSeF ko ߨ DF oDO C GN ok C
kl t z oAkD oDFk Co D DvoD qC C oDJ WD
PD N CpF h ykp DpVok Do fzpN lN plC
Oi MDezpN.PvC ... Di EDC r ok lF wo rCp ص
ok ClOC pl pRC kp kDODF PvC C F o
- kpF kl C qC hpF PD Dp . lD oCp pF Dv DwC lF
kl A MDezpN oDRA kh MDezpN DF pk kl PD Dd ok ,koDF
D DvoD F OG iz , kz oDZk D lA DJ lqDw kDO Co
DoDWD qC hpF F DOG CdC vopF DS CܷF.kkp D
DA q kk ok
(Dopamine)
[ DJk] o lN r pD Co
k Ow rkl PD kp kDO CpF Ap yo(1). PvC
ok [Dج] [v] lN H F OhCkpJ qC MoDG Co copF CoA
oC okCo k okD
? PvC pw Z G Dج kDWC .PvC A
oC ClOFC .lDFCiF Co C ll oC F A DF lz l
lk DN CoA Co oC DA ,lq kDp k DC ,ll Ppd lN Co
DN ll pN Co oC Ppd olA DWC pv...l z aF qDF DC,
Co߾ k H ok CoA ءZ A pRC ok lFD Dh A phDF
D (( Dج )) Dh q C . kqDw wh ECh p Co C lD
lCh (( DجC )) kߡ Dd r pF Dج GϺ qC ODd koCk
kh H ϩ o pF ص GCp rpN VN DF DizC . kߡ
okD lD qDw Cp A DF Co kh H DFp kߡ ľ
D DvoDpk CC uCv ECpC lC rd upN lkp
oCOvC MDGR h kV C ok , l o Co D oDWD
F DF
Dج kDWC ok [ G pm ] pRDN . lD DV Co Pv fϤ
C C C ) PvC oDwF DD CoCk lClh lW Ap kp
rA oCpvC qp A CoCk lClh DvC C qC p ( weC DvC
oDRA ok . lB llJ H pF Dh pRC D A C qC p qC , PvC Dh
llD Co HD iz Mh ok C oCorF A lz koC lO Dp
kDOC poD C pF D p , lk p DF ColClh DD D
C F DDz pk op MCoOvk DF Cp G h pm Moߤ F Co D ,

. lkp N

PvC DN DV lFq Ovk     

          PvC DA DV lFq k DN

PvC [ C C C ] C       

          lC oCr kF k J q

pOF  vC Dp ߥN DFvC DG pF  HF VNClh pm
) PvC lz pGN [ v ] F A qC PvC Co iF CoA w
okD DCDF DwC . ( DDC CkCkr C E wC rC nC
UCC , ص rpN GCp PDd ok CpOvC G pm F OhCkpJ DF PvC
nC) lD DvoC ykV qpv pvCpv F G qC Co CoA DجC
Clh pm Z p .( EC خN CpnF C , C pnF FC خN A
oCOvC Dw lF lD PD lClF o pOص k ok
pNDF DF D QkCd ǾC DD߬ H pFCpF ok PFԤ pGv
, kro ok Co C ok MDGR lCO pF p b DZ A , kp
DF DC DF DizC ol ok [ v ] o DF . kqDv Ep rrO Co C
DFCpC VoDh C߷F PGw DvpN DA H ok [ Dج ] ClJ
b pFCpF ok , rp rp iz . kp D qC m MDN F PGw
ϵ h C DC C C ) . kz OG lC upN F rZ b x
Ck F lA qC pNpF Dz lz oA kDpF kCpC F Clh (. re
ϵ C OC reN C߾DiN ) lzDF pC , lA oDOp rd ECpC
kDWC Co DoDWD PwF F qC Uph Co HNpN lF ( O C
pJ DF lClh pm F OhCkpJ r W C cDO PvC H ok DجC
pWC k h DpN w FopmC ) PvC t DdC DN qC
oDmC . PvC DwC MkDv D DجC ءZ pv Ckr pm ( C
DC DC Clh DGC oDOhC ok PvC oCpvC pq ok p oDRA C
C ) . koCkCp lC vC ߥN p pF Dp p jD DA
Dz CpF wd vC C vo C wd vC nC CpFC
DF PvC w PiGzh ( lá pv HG pOF ( ) le CpFC
lz lW Co DV iF MDW oCk Dp DhoCk qC DA qC kClOvC
WF ϵ . PvC poD pm r k . lz iF PD

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