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oCv oߥN D lCh w qC pVC kr b .l FC Co HϮ

.z ko v oD qC C oG oCk kDV qC Ow FNC

DWC ok Oi DD DCk DOw DGd PvC 첵 h v

ok PvC DoD oD ok .rZ ,kp ,V ,l G qC .kߡ oCl

PvC DF A oD ok PvC Dh yoD ok . l Pvok q DWA

Co kp "S .koCk pF Co DCk C qC DGDF C Pw pJ DGDF

C ϤDF .koCn Di ok Co A Z Cl l Pvok Cl

kp oCp O Cpz ok Z lA ok Ppd F kp A ok Uol

Dh MDϱ A ok ܷ . Dv p qC ll o p qC l lzo

o DF l qDF Co DpF koA ok pv Dh C qC C DN kp lzo l pz

DGDF Co A Cl kߡ orF PGw D F .l lzo l oCp pF DGNoC

Pp Cl b pk lvo DWF DN , kon Dq DN l pOorF pOorF

.kz Z CpF Di D F koCl pk Co lpF oDN Phok C G

DCk A (PvC GC GD) D v C .koD DF ok kpG Co Phok A lF

Ck A PvC D C Di A . lC e Moߤ F lOw D DwC cCoC

co . l lzo wV kh N kh l lzo N ok co Ck C PvD N

z Z C lGF lCh DC l ykh F koCk Pp ykh F

ykh PvC A ok A l pǾ l D Co ykh A V kp PvC

l lzo koCk PvC Ohok A ykh .PvC yCx C PvC Cl C .Pw

ok kCk Pvk qC Co A G Pp wV C pk kp lzo olA Phok C O

ylzo wV DC PvDOC F ylzo kߡ lzo lo koC O co kDOC Dvp pOwF

. PvDOC F ylzo coDC kp F qC kz Dvp oDZk PvC

DDv ߾D D ok DV Dh ok C wV

DWC [DV] l Di F .PvC PG Di C (PvC PG lF D) D DF A

[ PG lF D ] D F [C DV] l [PG G D] D F PG ܷ

ܷ ok k Cpv l PG D C F . PvC p pv C [ ] l

ok ܷ. lhpZ zDJ pF ok k C .ko ok Vphok koCk ok DN k

ok pF Po O .pF F ok qC Vphok kz qDF ok F pF qC ko

.PvC Phok lvoPϷ F C . kkppF kz qDF .kz OwF OwJ

ok DV ,Di N PvC Cl N Phok DV ,Cl N lBF lCN Gd

loClpF Co A ;lpF p ok Co p iN Dz D ;PvC p pv C PvCDF

.kߡ VV F lGN A VV zD N loCn w ok

. kp lzo F l pz Pw ok ok C ܷ

OvJ A kߡ ZƢCpFpk D Aܷ lB kVF A ok pk kV

DN kz orF ypJ DF .lk CkC ylzo F pF lB lDz Co A

iN Dz . pF kpF lCh PA kz Z CpF x D DV

O .loCnF VV zD ok loBF lCh Dk DV p qC Co OvpJ

lF C kz DOvpJ Y lz orF ypJ DF lA pF iN qC VV

Co ykh olA x N yloCnF pC .pk DOvpJ F lJ ;kp kz

. kz D ,kpF l qDF Co ok D lq x oCk ok F

z ok F oCkp HD C C F

D F o pC rpGN xz

? CpZ .kpF koCk Co o߷z C OvpJ .OpkD DW qC Co FD PV C qCpJ C

v ok kp Co D H DwC DC . kp Co ykh D H Z

o F Dz pC [Orientation] l Fp DFq ok FD PV F .PvC Ckp pv p

.lB pz qC Z kDOwC pz F o ܷ l D P C

kF DOvC qo,kF cCoC p S

pz .koCl DV DCpV o .kz kD yqC Dp ok p C

ok ܷ wdCp D ok C .koCl DV DCpV ok lA J ok D DoD

CpC FkC DoC Co HD C koCl DV C PC ok koCk DV O C

. l Co l qDF Co DDz . lC O

l lCiF oDOv O N

lk DpR olC pv

kF DF h qC A

 kF Co pv A pF

Dh EA qC Pvk Xo qC

Dv olCpv pv pF gD

kD p .PvC O C PvC pk D A l Pvok Dk C fD DF

fN DCpF vkp .kq pv Ck F Pvk lvo A F kߡ z Z F PvC

oߤolJ Dv Z Cq ypwJ .PvC pv DF C k DN Oo Dv .lk

oDaF l oDZ koCl vo Pvk F Dv PvC A ܷ Fp pv . PvC Cq

vO PA .lOC kD F A lvpF DOvC F kߡF oDaF DwC O .lz

. PvC lp CJ kA Dv DA C . kߡ

kh DJ pz lClh

kok Dv pF kDF q

DWC DC . PvC orF h CJ PvC kh DJ pz lClh Dv

oD koCnCo DA Pw OhDv oD kh DJ pz qC lk lvo

. kp Pvk Co DoDaF evC

Hz D pev A , Co zC , k qv . PwZ evC A

q pF kp lpA pFC

q pF DoDwho lDF

C lCpJ Co k N upN q

ClǾC pv PJ F yqJ F

lz OpnJ D p D

lz O DqCo C oCk DF Z

.Pw OhDv oD O kp kp oq qC .lDF Dk cDO F OwF ok xF

.kqClC ypv pF Dv lA pv PA .lph Owh N Owz k DWC

.r h qC .S h qC .lk ϷN vDd h qC p pFDC DorF Co C

PvC C .lk ϷN D F Co PDwC zh ߩh kDOC .pS ٲ h qC

ClJ Co ykh D H DwC PvDWC .pz p l p C F

.llF iN D Ow ok Co ykh P lCN D H A DF l